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高考英语重点时态考点归纳
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  根据试题统计,动词语法占语法考题中的50%左右,其内容主要包括动词的时态、语态、要掌握英语的时态和语态,必须掌握好英语中的助动词(do, be, have)和时间状语这两个核心问题。现将各考点分别归纳如下。

  1. 一般现在时

  主要用来表示人、事物的现在状况和特点;表示经常或习惯性的动作,句子中常有often, always, from time to time 等时间状语;表示客观规律和永恒真理等。
  He usually goes to work at 7 o’clock every morning.
  She has a brother who lives in New York. The earth goes around the sun.
  Guangzhou is situated in the south of China.

  考点一:表示永恒的真理,即使出现在过去的语境中,仍用一般现在时。如:

  I learned that the earth goes around the sun when I was in primary school.

  考点二:在时间和条件状语从句中,代替一般将来时,常用的引导词有:

  时间:when, until, after, before, as soon as, once, the moment / minute / day / year
  条件:if, unless, provided If he accepts the job, he will get more money soon.

  考点三:在make sure (certain), see to it, mind, care, matter +宾语从句中,从句用一般现在时代替一般将来时。

  So long as he works hard, I don’t mind when he finishes the experiment.
  只要他努力工作,我不介意他什么时候做完试验。

  考点四:在the more… the more … (越…越…) 句型中, 若主句是一般将来时, 从句通常用一般现在时。

  The harder you study, the better results you will get.

  2. 现在进行时

  表说话时或目前一段时间内正在进行的活动;与频率副词,如always,constantly,continually,again等连用,表示说话人的某种感情色彩(赞叹、厌烦、埋怨等)。

  We are having English class. The house is being built these days.
  The little boy is always making trouble.

  考点一:在时间状语或条件状语从句中表示将来正在进行的动作。

  Look out when you are crossing the street.
  Don't wake him up if he is still sleeping at 7 tomorrow morning.

  考点二:表示在最近按计划或安排要进行的动作(这时多有表示将来的时间状语)。

  Marry is leaving on Friday.

  3. 现在完成时

  表示动作发生在过去,完成在过去,但强调与现在情况仍有联系,其结果或影响仍存在。现在完成时有一些标志性的时间状语。

  考点一:for + 时间段;since + 时间点

  They have lived in Beijing for five years.
  They have lived in Beijing since 1995. I have learned English for ten years.

  考点二:常见的不确定的时间状语:lately, recently, just, already, yet, up to now; till now; so far, these days

  Has it stopped raining yet?

  考点三:在表示“最近几世纪/年/月以来……”时间状语中,谓语动词用现在完成时。

  in the past few years/months/weeks/days, over the past few years, during the last three months, for the last few centuries, through centuries, throughout history 等
  In the past 30 years China has made great advances in socialist construction.

  考点四:表示“第几次做某事,”或在 “It is the best (worst, most interesting ) +名词+that” 后面用现在完成时。

  This is my first time that I have visited China. That is the only book that he has written.
  This is the most interesting film I have ever seen.


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